This subject CANNOT be opted in combination with Agriculture, Forestry, Journalism and Political Science.

SOCIOLOGY
Total Marks - 100

1. Individual, Culture and Society : Individual as a social product. The variety of social forms. Methods of socialization, Ethnocentricism, Norms and Values, Cultural Patterns, Varieties of sub-cultures.

2. Sociological Theory : The sociological perspectives— Evolutionary, order and conflict, Evolutionary Theorists : Ibn-i-Khaldun Spencer and Tannis, Order Theorists: August Comte, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Conflict Theorists : George Hegel. Karl Mars. Lewis Coser, Mills.

3. Methods of Sociological Research: Research Design, Surveys, Participant Observation. Experiments, Case Studies.

4. Social Interaction : Significance of social classes. Forms of social classes—Tribes. Biradaris, Castes, Classes and Feudal system in Pakistan. Social Mobility-nature of social mobility. Mobility determinants in Pakistan society, Social immobility. Culture in poverty.

5. Social Control: Mechanisms of social control—internal and external means of social control. Alienation, Integration—integrative pat terns in Pakistani Society.

6. Social and Cultural Change and Social Policy Processes of Social and Cultural Change—discovery, invention, diffusion. Factors in the rate of social and culture change, Incentives and inhibitions to social and cultural change in Pakistan Social planning and directed social and cultural change.

7. Community: The rural community, Traditional Characteristics of rural life, The urban community. Rural—Urban convergence, Urbanism, Future of cities in Pakistan.

8. Social Institutions: The nature and genesis of institutions, the process of institutions, Functions and Trade of Social Institutions, Family, Religion, Educational, Economic and Political Institutions.

9. Social Problems in Pakistan: Population Growth. Demographic Transition: Deviant Behaviour, Institutionalised evasions, social conflicts, internal and international Migration, Aging, Drug abuse, Prostitution. Smuggling, Illiteracy and Poverty.

    SUGGESTED READINGS

      Title Author
    1
    Anthropology: The Study of Man Adamson Hoebel, E.
    2
    Pakistani Society Akbar Ahmed, S.
    3
    Contemporary Social Problems Robert K. Merton
    4
    Contemporary Sociological Theories Pitrim Sorokin
    5
    Family in Asia Man Singh Das & Pahos D. Bardis
    6
    Ibn-i-Khaldun: His Life and Works M. Abdullah Enan
    7
    Master of Sociological Thought Lewis A. Coser
    8
    Pakistani Society M. Iqbal Chaudhry
    9
    Sociology Ogburn & Nimkoff
    10
    Strategies in Social Research Smith, H.W.
    11
    Sociology; Role & Relationship Everett K. Wilson
    12
    Social Problems Jon. M. Shepard & Voss
    13
    Social Change and History Robert Nisbet
    14
    Feudal System in Pakistan Nawab Haider Naqvi
    15
    The Sociology of Rural Life Lynn Smith, T.
    16
    The Sociology of Social Problems Horton & Leslie
    17
    The Sociology of Religion Max Weber