This subject CANNOT be opted in combination with Psychology.

PHILOSOPHY
Total Marks - 200

PAPER I (Marks - 100)

1. Formal and informal arguments: Elements of deductive reasoning; validity and truth: Proposition and syllogism.

2. Definition with special reference to Aristotle, Ibn-e-Taimya's Criticism of Aristotle; Relativity of definition: Ambiguity; vagueness and emotive use of language as impediments in clear thinking: Fallacies – formal, material and linguistic

3. Symbolic Logic: value of special symbols, symbols for conjunction, Negation, Disjunction and Implication, Method of Deduction: Formal proofs of validity, Rules of Replacement.

4. The nature of scientific theory: Scientific method; Inquiry at common sense level and scientific level; Scientific explanation; The grounds of belief: induction, probability and functional analysis.

5. Muslim contribution to Logic - inductive and deductive

 

PAPER - II (Marks -100)

PHILOSOPHY - WESTERN AND ISLAMIC

1. Idealism, Pragmatism, Vitalism Logical Positivism, Existentialism and Dialectical Materialism: The main arguments of these Philosophical theories and their impact on life and morals.

2. Muslim Rationalists and Social Thinkers-Al-Farabi, Ibn-i-Sina, Ibn-i-Rushd, and Ibn-i-Khaldun: their main doctrines.

3. Schools of Muslim Theology - Mutazilism, Ash’ arism, Sufism Al-Ghazali (his Ethics and Criticism of Muslim Rationalists)

4. Muslim thought in South Asia with special reference to Shah Wali Ullah. Sayyid hmad Khan and Iqbal and Post-Iqbalian Thought.

    SUGGESTED READINGS

      Title Author
    1

    A Modern Introduction to Metaphysics

    Drenon D.A.

    2

    A History of Philosophical Systems

    Firm, Vergilius

    3

    Aqliyyat-e-Ibn-e-Taimya (Urdu)

    Maulana Muhammad Hanif Nadvi

    4

    A Modern Introduction to Logic

    Stebbing, L.S.

    5

    Critical Thinking

    Blank, Max

    6

    History of Muslim Philosophy Vol. I & II

    Sharif, M.M

    7

    History of Modern Philosophy

    Wright, W.K.

    8

    Human Knowledge, Its Scope and Limits

    Russel, B.

    9

    History of Islamic Philosophy

    Fakhri, Majid

    10

    Introduction to Philosophy

    Patrick G.T.W.

    11

    Iqbal and Post-Kantian Voluntarism

    Dar, B.A.

    12

    Introduction to Logic

    Copi, I.M.

    13

    Logic Postivism

    Qadir, C.A.

    14

    Philosophical Analysis

    Urmson, J.O.

    15

    Reconstructon of Religious Thought in Islam

    Iqbal, M.

    16

    Types and Problems of Pholosophy

    Mead, H.

    17

    Types of Philosophy

    Mocking, W.E.