This subject CANNOT be opted in combination with Islamic History & Culture, History of the USA , Indo-Pak History and British History.

Total Marks - 200

PAPER - I (1789 -1914) (Marks - 100)

I. French Revolution

Background, Old Regime, Philosophers, Estate General. National Assembly, England’s Reaction, Panies in the Legislative Assembly, The fall of Monarchy, European coalition against France and the War, the second and the third partition of Poland, the Terror and the end of Terror. France and Europe 1793 - 95.

II. Napoleon Bonaparte

The rise of Napoleon to power. Napoleon as Emperor, statesman and warrior, Napoleon and Europe, the continental system, the fall of Napoleon, England’s role in the catastrophe of Napoleon.

III. Vienna Settlement and concept of Europe

Treaty of Chaumont, First treaty of Paris. Second treaty of Paris, Treaty of Vienna, Holy Alliance, Quadruple Alliance, Congress System and failure of congress system, British Leadership.

IV. England 1814 to 1833

Effects of War period, constitutional development, progress in industry, Agriculture and Culture.

V. Europe 1815 to 1848

The forces of continuity and reaction. Metternich system, the force of change and progress, Nationalism, Democracy, Liberalism, Socialism. Revolution in France 1830, Revolution in France in 1848 and the sequence of revolutions in Europe.

VI. The Eastern Question 1820 to 1878

Background, the Greek Revolt 120 to Independence 1832, the Crimean War 1853 to 1856 and Peace Treaty of Paris, Pan Slavisin, The Russo-Turkish War 1877, the treaty of San Stefano. The Congress and the treaty of Berlin 1878.

VII. Risorginmento and the Union of Italy

Revolutionary movements in Italy, Mazzini, Cavour and other architects of Italian unification, Napoleon Ill and Italian Unity. Foreign Policy of Italy after unification to 1914

VIII. Unification of Germany

Background, Napoleon and Germany, Rise of Prussia, Zollverein, Revolution of 1848 and Germany, Rise of Bismark and his role as architect of German Unity, Wars with Denmark, Austria and France. Domestic and foreign policy of Bismark from 1870 to 1890. Foreign Policy of Germany from 1890 to 1914.

IX. The growth of Colonisation and of Overseas Empire 1815 - 92

Different forms of colonisation, British Colonial policy and expansion, The French Colonial Policy and expansion, The French in North Africa, Suez Canal, Anglo French Control in Egypt, Russia in the Caucasus and Turkistan, Anglo-Russian Results of Colonial development.

X. England 1893 to 1910

Social and constitutional reforms, material progress, social thought and culture.

XI. Road to the First World War

Alliances and counter alliances, Drickaiserbund, Austro German alliance 1879, Triple alliance 1882, The formation of Dualalliance 1891-93, Anglo-Japanese alliance, French British and Russo British Entente, their crises - Algeeiras, Bosnia, Agadir, German Navy, Baghdad Railway, Balkan crises, The cause of First World War


PAPER - II (1914 -1960) (Marks - 100)

I. First World War

Events - U.S.A’s entry into the War, Wilson’s 14 points, the choice of the Turks, War in the Middle East Britain’s Middle East Policy during the War, Balfour Declaration, Defeat of Germany, Austria and Turkey, effects of the War.

II. Peace Treaties

The Treaty of Versailles, The big four, The basis of the Treaty, The Treaty of Versailles and the U.S. The treaties of St. Germain and Trianon, The treaty of Serres, the Treaty of Lausanne.

III. The League of Nations

The Covenant, the League between the two Wars, causes of failure.

IV. Marxism and the Soviet Union

The Russian Revolution 1917, Lenin. The Third International 1919, Civil War in Russia, Trotsky. The Constitution of the U.S.S.R. Stalin, First Five year Plan. Purges, The Russian foreign policy between the two Wars.

V. Italy and Fascism

Effects of the War on Italy. Mussolini's rise to power, Fascist party and Principles, Italy’s foreign policy between the two Wars.

VI. Germany and Nazism

Germany from the Versailles Treaty to Hitler, Origins of Nazism, Mein Kamph’, Hitler's rise to power, Domestic Policy of Hitler, the Totalitarian State, Hitler’s foreign policy.

VII. France between the two Wars

Defects of the French Constitution, collapse of the Third Republic. Foreign Policy of France between the Wars.

VIII. England between the two Wars

Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government, Cabinet Government in England. Depression of 1929 and England, Stability of British Common Wealth. Foreign Policy of England between the Wars.

IX. The Second World War

Causes, the events, Atlantic Charter, Tehran. Yalta and Postdam conferences, the allied victory. effect of the war

X. The U.N.O.

Origin, the Charter of the U.N.O., U.N.O. as peace keeping force

XI. The Political State of Europe 1945 - 50

The new Balance of Power in Europe, Russian domination of Eastern Europe, Decisions on Germany’s Future, Economic Collapse of Western Europe and recovery, Marshall Plan, Cold War, The Blockade of Berlin. N.A.T.O.

XII. The Rise of Russia as a Great power

The effects of the War on Russia. the fruit of victory. Warsaw Pact. Russia’s efforts to spread its influence in Eastern Europe. Asia, Africa and Latin-America 1945 to 1960.

XIII. France after the Second World War

Fourth French Republic. French Colonial Policy after Second World War, Algeria. Indochina, De Gaule’s domestic and foreign policy.

XIV. England after the Second World War

The rise of Labour Party, Economic Policy of the Labour Party's Government, England’s Colonial Policy after the Second World War, Decline of England as World Power, British Common Wealth. England and the Common Market. England and the Middle East 1945 to 1960.

XV. Europe and Common Market

The origin and evolution of the European Common Market upto 1960.


      Title Author

    An Intellectual History of Modern Europe

    Stromberg, R.N.


    A History of Modern World

    Palmer, R.


    A History of Modern France 1871-1962

    Cobban, Afred


    Europe Since 1815

    Craig, G.A.


    Europe in the Nineteenth Century 1789-1905

    Agatha Ramm


    Europe in the Twentieth Century 1905-1970

    Agatha Ramm


    Europe Since Napoleon

    Thomson, D.


    Europe Since 1870

    Toll, James


    International Relations Between the Two World Wars

    Carr, E.H.


    Modern Europe in the Making from the French Revolution to the Common Market

    Fasal, G.


    The Age of Progress

    Colins, Irene


    The Norton History of Modern Europe

    Gilbert, F.


    The European Powers and the German Question 1948-71

    Mosse, W.E.


    The History of Modern Europe 1889-1917

    Nicolson, H.


    The Struggle for Mastery in Europe 1848-1918

    Taylor, A.J.P.


    The First World War

    Taylor, A.J.P.


    The Origions of the Second World War

    Taylor, A.J.P.


    Western Civilization 2 Volumes

    Burns, E.M.


    The Eve of European Era 1890 to the Present

    Gilbirt, Felix


    The Age of Revolution and Reaction 1789-1850

    Breving, Charles


    The Age of Nationalism and 1850-1890

    Rich, Norman